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Forums » Vispārējās diskusijas » FLEIMS

Tēma: Kaspicha topiks: N53, virtuāli 300 ZS utt.

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DM-101
14. Sep 2021, 13:42 #13661

Kopš: 06. Oct 2019

Ziņojumi: 5526

Braucu ar:

par taam lietotajaam detaljaam.. nu, ir nianses.
ja viss ir mega soliidi - tas nebuus leetais srots, pareizi? nu, reaals sia, cheks.
ejam taalak - jauns OEM lukturis/stikls Hella, piem.] maksaas kaa mazlietots orizhinal srotaa. Vai pat leetaak.
Tb., abi varianti buus relatiivi daargi.

Perekupu variantos liek:
a. zagtus;
b. max vecus/leetus, nojaatus, no kaada kreisaa srota panjemtus [piepulee, piemaskee defektus];
c. leetaakos Kjiinas suudus.

Diemzheel, perekupu varianti ir taalu no Tevis mineetaa varianta...
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kexxx
14. Sep 2021, 13:45 #13662

Kopš: 12. Dec 2010

Ziņojumi: 8104

Braucu ar:

Var jau daudz gudri spriedelēt, kā var kvalitatīvi saremontēt ar labām lietotām daļām utt utt utt
Bet te galvenais ir mērķis, ar kādu sists auto parasti tiek iegādāts- saremontēt un pārdot ar peļņu.
Nu kāda iksa pēc lai perekups meklētu labas lietotas daļas un censtos salabot kvalitatīvi??? Viņam galvenais pārdot- un gūt peļņu. Lai pārdotu, vajag, lai vizuāli izskatītos smuki. Ja tur kkur zem plastmasām vadi satīti ar izoleni, lonžerons salipināts, airbagi nav ielikti vai ģeometrija šķība- viņu tas nekrata, jo ne jau viņš ar to auto braukās
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sys9291
14. Sep 2021, 13:52 #13663

Kopš: 13. Jun 2003

No: Ogre

Ziņojumi: 3802

Braucu ar: F20 R1200RT


14 Sep 2021, 10:17:49 @DM-101 rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 10:12:31 @amons rakstīja:
A starpcitu ir kāds jēdzīgs veids kā pārbaudīt SRS sistēmas funkionalitāti un to, ka viss strādās kā nākas, ja to vajadzēs? Ok, vizuāli var taisīt vaļā un skatīties vai fiziski airbagi ir vietā ( baigi gan negribās teiksim sānu plastmasas raustīt un skatīties, bet citu variantu jau laikam nav ), bet tīri teorētiski, ja tur kāds ir iebāzis lietotus vai kādus airbagus, ir garantija ka nostrādās? Tāpat jautājums par trieciena/paātrinājuma sensoru, cik saprotu viens ir iebūvēts DDE un tad ir kaut kādas versijas kurās ir vēl virsbūvē papildus pāris sensori. Ja kļūdu nav, airbagi vietā un tie nav aizstāti ar pretestībām, tad visam vajadzētu būt ok?


nee, tas nav DDE. Tas ir atseviskjs modulis ar periferiaalajiem sateliitmoduljiem.
Tur jau tas staasts, ka, liekot lietotu SRS, garantijas nav nekaadas!
Veel ir nianses - peec nopietnaakaam avaarijaam galvenajaa SRS elektronikas modulii tiek ierakstiitas permanentas kljuudas, kuras nevar nodzeest arii peec visa atjaunoshanas. Tad nu tiek izmantoti vai nu hakeru toolji, lai taas kljuudas nodzestu, vai likti no srota panjemti citu auto modulji, kurus ''piekodee'' konkreetajam auto. Atkal - garantijas, diemzheel, nav.
Ljoti reti atjauno droshiibas jostu spriegotaajus. Sekas - lauztas ribas, smagas traumas saanu avaarijas gadiijumaa.
Ljoti reti atjauno klaatbuutnes sensorus seedekljos. Atkal - garantijas nekaadas, sekas neprognozeejamas.

vakar pādraugavā interesanta avārija (braucu garām), pie krustojuma stāvoša auto pakaļā kāds iebrauc - auto tiek viegli iestumts priekšā stāvošajā (nedaudz bojāts priekšējais buferis). Frontālie spilveni atstrādājuši - ātrie ilgi darbojas ap pasažieri....
Mans pieņēmums - nepiesprādzējies pasažieris ar visu no tā izrietošo...(iznākums var būt pat ļoti bēdīgs)
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diesel
14. Sep 2021, 13:53 #13664

Kopš: 31. May 2002

No: Rīga

Ziņojumi: 5947

Braucu ar: B58 stage 2


14 Sep 2021, 13:45:21 @kexxx rakstīja:
Var jau daudz gudri spriedelēt, kā var kvalitatīvi saremontēt ar labām lietotām daļām utt utt utt
Bet te galvenais ir mērķis, ar kādu sists auto parasti tiek iegādāts- saremontēt un pārdot ar peļņu.
Nu kāda iksa pēc lai perekups meklētu labas lietotas daļas un censtos salabot kvalitatīvi??? Viņam galvenais pārdot- un gūt peļņu. Lai pārdotu, vajag, lai vizuāli izskatītos smuki. Ja tur kkur zem plastmasām vadi satīti ar izoleni, lonžerons salipināts, airbagi nav ielikti vai ģeometrija šķība- viņu tas nekrata, jo ne jau viņš ar to auto braukās

Nepērc no perekupa, vai tad kāds spiež ? Pasūti, pērc no pārbaudītiem starpniekiem. Vai ja nevari vai negribi pārbaudīt pats nu tā jau nav perekupa vaina ) Jā mēs nedzīvojam ideālā pasaulē, točna
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streetking
14. Sep 2021, 13:59 #13665

Kopš: 06. Nov 2017

Ziņojumi: 149

Braucu ar:


14 Sep 2021, 13:52:53 @sys9291 rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 10:17:49 @DM-101 rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 10:12:31 @amons rakstīja:
A starpcitu ir kāds jēdzīgs veids kā pārbaudīt SRS sistēmas funkionalitāti un to, ka viss strādās kā nākas, ja to vajadzēs? Ok, vizuāli var taisīt vaļā un skatīties vai fiziski airbagi ir vietā ( baigi gan negribās teiksim sānu plastmasas raustīt un skatīties, bet citu variantu jau laikam nav ), bet tīri teorētiski, ja tur kāds ir iebāzis lietotus vai kādus airbagus, ir garantija ka nostrādās? Tāpat jautājums par trieciena/paātrinājuma sensoru, cik saprotu viens ir iebūvēts DDE un tad ir kaut kādas versijas kurās ir vēl virsbūvē papildus pāris sensori. Ja kļūdu nav, airbagi vietā un tie nav aizstāti ar pretestībām, tad visam vajadzētu būt ok?


nee, tas nav DDE. Tas ir atseviskjs modulis ar periferiaalajiem sateliitmoduljiem.
Tur jau tas staasts, ka, liekot lietotu SRS, garantijas nav nekaadas!
Veel ir nianses - peec nopietnaakaam avaarijaam galvenajaa SRS elektronikas modulii tiek ierakstiitas permanentas kljuudas, kuras nevar nodzeest arii peec visa atjaunoshanas. Tad nu tiek izmantoti vai nu hakeru toolji, lai taas kljuudas nodzestu, vai likti no srota panjemti citu auto modulji, kurus ''piekodee'' konkreetajam auto. Atkal - garantijas, diemzheel, nav.
Ljoti reti atjauno droshiibas jostu spriegotaajus. Sekas - lauztas ribas, smagas traumas saanu avaarijas gadiijumaa.
Ljoti reti atjauno klaatbuutnes sensorus seedekljos. Atkal - garantijas nekaadas, sekas neprognozeejamas.

vakar pādraugavā interesanta avārija (braucu garām), pie krustojuma stāvoša auto pakaļā kāds iebrauc - auto tiek viegli iestumts priekšā stāvošajā (nedaudz bojāts priekšējais buferis). Frontālie spilveni atstrādājuši - ātrie ilgi darbojas ap pasažieri....
Mans pieņēmums - nepiesprādzējies pasažieris ar visu no tā izrietošo...(iznākums var būt pat ļoti bēdīgs)

Interesanta tēma. Iespejams nav piesprādzējies, kaut kur dzirdēju ka srs ņem vērā ir siksna vai nav un līdz ar to maina izšaušanas brīdi. Otra lieta ir sēdekļa pozīcija. Par to vienmēr aizdomajos redzot uz ielas kādu, kas brauc ar stūri pie krūtīm, tā ka piere jau vējstiklā. Ko airbags dara tādā brīdī? Izšauj visas iekšas un ribas na*. Iespejams prēmijumos, kur auto zin kāda ir krēsla pozicija, var kaut ko mainit, bet jebkurā gadījumā, srs nevar izšaut ar pus-jaudu. Jā esmu redzējis ka stūrē ir airbags ar 2 štekeriem, ir kaut kādas 2 pakāpes, bet kāds ir to algoritms, neesmu iedziļinajies.

Bet par ātrajiem un ņemšanos ap pasažieri, var būt šoks, neadekvatas atbildes utt, ja dzivībai briesmas nerada, vilkt ara no mašīnas nav vajadzība

[ Šo ziņu laboja streetking, 14 Sep 2021, 14:01:28 ]

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kexxx
14. Sep 2021, 14:00 #13666

Kopš: 12. Dec 2010

Ziņojumi: 8104

Braucu ar:


14 Sep 2021, 13:53:47 @diesel rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 13:45:21 @kexxx rakstīja:
Var jau daudz gudri spriedelēt, kā var kvalitatīvi saremontēt ar labām lietotām daļām utt utt utt
Bet te galvenais ir mērķis, ar kādu sists auto parasti tiek iegādāts- saremontēt un pārdot ar peļņu.
Nu kāda iksa pēc lai perekups meklētu labas lietotas daļas un censtos salabot kvalitatīvi??? Viņam galvenais pārdot- un gūt peļņu. Lai pārdotu, vajag, lai vizuāli izskatītos smuki. Ja tur kkur zem plastmasām vadi satīti ar izoleni, lonžerons salipināts, airbagi nav ielikti vai ģeometrija šķība- viņu tas nekrata, jo ne jau viņš ar to auto braukās

Nepērc no perekupa, vai tad kāds spiež ? Pasūti, pērc no pārbaudītiem starpniekiem. Vai ja nevari vai negribi pārbaudīt pats nu tā jau nav perekupa vaina ) Jā mēs nedzīvojam ideālā pasaulē, točna


Forša domāšana
Salipini škilteni, notin odo, varbūt vispār zagtu tirgo- tā taču nav perekupa vaina, pats vainīgs, ka nopirki
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Gestus
14. Sep 2021, 14:24 #13667

Kopš: 07. Mar 2007

Ziņojumi: 743

Braucu ar: OOOO

Man jau liekas ka kādā brīdī pat pie nosacīti maziem bojājumiem jau autor apdrošinātājs norakstīts, kaut konstrukcijā nebūs bojājumi, lonžeroni vietā utt...

Viss atdurās jauno auto detaļu cenās...piemrams Jaguar elektro auto - laikam I- pace, viens lukturis jauns 6800 EUR....jo LED...tas pats pat manam a6 kurš jau ir 6 gadus vecs...viens lukturis LED Matris pie dīlera maksā 3900 EUR.... līdz ar to piemēram ieskrienot maigi kādam aizmugurē un sabojājot abus lukturs , bamperi (kur nāk iekšā laikam divis uzvērēji, cik atceros, katrs ap 1500 EUR maksā, kapots, un citi sīkumi un auto jau var norakstīt, ja grib atjaunot ar orģinālām rezerves daļām, ne aftermārket (tas pats hella LED Matrix 1500 EUR) , kur vēl darbs utt ...līdz ar to visdrizāk apdrošinātājs auto noraksta...

Bet ja kāds viņu pēc tam saremontēs ar piemēram tie pāsiem Hellas lukturiem ? uzliks lietotu orģinālo bamperi , OEM daļas...vai viņa būs bīstama satiksmei ? Bet izmaksas būs pavisam citas

Protams visādi rumbula konstruktori ir cita lieta utt.

Bet man liekas ar jaunajām tehnoloģijām, jau pie relatīvi maza bojājuma var iestāties total loss.

Vēl jau atkarīgs no valstis kur norakstās...piemēram gadījums no pieredzes ( ne manas), cilvēks ar Honda civic uzbrauc šķreslim un pārsit karteri, izlīst eļja. Uzreiz pēc sadursmes auto tiek apstādināts un noslāpēts....dīleris norvēģijā pasaka, ka motors ir bijis bez eļas, kaut īsu brīdi, un viņi nevar garantēt, ka pēc kartera maiņas motors būs 100% labs, līdz ar to viņi tāmē liek iekšā jaunu motoru, kurs maksā tik cik paša mašīna...rezultāta auto noraksta.
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DM-101
14. Sep 2021, 14:30 #13668

Kopš: 06. Oct 2019

Ziņojumi: 5526

Braucu ar:


14 Sep 2021, 13:59:59 @streetking rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 13:52:53 @sys9291 rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 10:17:49 @DM-101 rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 10:12:31 @amons rakstīja:
A starpcitu ir kāds jēdzīgs veids kā pārbaudīt SRS sistēmas funkionalitāti un to, ka viss strādās kā nākas, ja to vajadzēs? Ok, vizuāli var taisīt vaļā un skatīties vai fiziski airbagi ir vietā ( baigi gan negribās teiksim sānu plastmasas raustīt un skatīties, bet citu variantu jau laikam nav ), bet tīri teorētiski, ja tur kāds ir iebāzis lietotus vai kādus airbagus, ir garantija ka nostrādās? Tāpat jautājums par trieciena/paātrinājuma sensoru, cik saprotu viens ir iebūvēts DDE un tad ir kaut kādas versijas kurās ir vēl virsbūvē papildus pāris sensori. Ja kļūdu nav, airbagi vietā un tie nav aizstāti ar pretestībām, tad visam vajadzētu būt ok?


nee, tas nav DDE. Tas ir atseviskjs modulis ar periferiaalajiem sateliitmoduljiem.
Tur jau tas staasts, ka, liekot lietotu SRS, garantijas nav nekaadas!
Veel ir nianses - peec nopietnaakaam avaarijaam galvenajaa SRS elektronikas modulii tiek ierakstiitas permanentas kljuudas, kuras nevar nodzeest arii peec visa atjaunoshanas. Tad nu tiek izmantoti vai nu hakeru toolji, lai taas kljuudas nodzestu, vai likti no srota panjemti citu auto modulji, kurus ''piekodee'' konkreetajam auto. Atkal - garantijas, diemzheel, nav.
Ljoti reti atjauno droshiibas jostu spriegotaajus. Sekas - lauztas ribas, smagas traumas saanu avaarijas gadiijumaa.
Ljoti reti atjauno klaatbuutnes sensorus seedekljos. Atkal - garantijas nekaadas, sekas neprognozeejamas.

vakar pādraugavā interesanta avārija (braucu garām), pie krustojuma stāvoša auto pakaļā kāds iebrauc - auto tiek viegli iestumts priekšā stāvošajā (nedaudz bojāts priekšējais buferis). Frontālie spilveni atstrādājuši - ātrie ilgi darbojas ap pasažieri....
Mans pieņēmums - nepiesprādzējies pasažieris ar visu no tā izrietošo...(iznākums var būt pat ļoti bēdīgs)

Interesanta tēma. Iespejams nav piesprādzējies, kaut kur dzirdēju ka srs ņem vērā ir siksna vai nav un līdz ar to maina izšaušanas brīdi. Otra lieta ir sēdekļa pozīcija. Par to vienmēr aizdomajos redzot uz ielas kādu, kas brauc ar stūri pie krūtīm, tā ka piere jau vējstiklā. Ko airbags dara tādā brīdī? Izšauj visas iekšas un ribas na*. Iespejams prēmijumos, kur auto zin kāda ir krēsla pozicija, var kaut ko mainit, bet jebkurā gadījumā, srs nevar izšaut ar pus-jaudu. Jā esmu redzējis ka stūrē ir airbags ar 2 štekeriem, ir kaut kādas 2 pakāpes, bet kāds ir to algoritms, neesmu iedziļinajies.

Bet par ātrajiem un ņemšanos ap pasažieri, var būt šoks, neadekvatas atbildes utt, ja dzivībai briesmas nerada, vilkt ara no mašīnas nav vajadzība


jaa, jauniem drotiem tipiski ir 2 pakaapju frontaalie airbag spilveni. Atkariibaa no sitiena, mauc vienu vai otru/abus.

Veel var buut, ka muguras trauma tieshi deelj pirmaa sitiena/no aizmugures. Taapeec seedekjiem ir tie galvas balsti, lai vnk nepaarlauzh mugurkaulu taadaa keisaa.
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DM-101
14. Sep 2021, 14:33 #13669

Kopš: 06. Oct 2019

Ziņojumi: 5526

Braucu ar:


14 Sep 2021, 14:24:57 @Gestus rakstīja:
Man jau liekas ka kādā brīdī pat pie nosacīti maziem bojājumiem jau autor apdrošinātājs norakstīts, kaut konstrukcijā nebūs bojājumi, lonžeroni vietā utt...

Viss atdurās jauno auto detaļu cenās...piemrams Jaguar elektro auto - laikam I- pace, viens lukturis jauns 6800 EUR....jo LED...tas pats pat manam a6 kurš jau ir 6 gadus vecs...viens lukturis LED Matris pie dīlera maksā 3900 EUR.... līdz ar to piemēram ieskrienot maigi kādam aizmugurē un sabojājot abus lukturs , bamperi (kur nāk iekšā laikam divis uzvērēji, cik atceros, katrs ap 1500 EUR maksā, kapots, un citi sīkumi un auto jau var norakstīt, ja grib atjaunot ar orģinālām rezerves daļām, ne aftermārket (tas pats hella LED Matrix 1500 EUR) , kur vēl darbs utt ...līdz ar to visdrizāk apdrošinātājs auto noraksta...

Bet ja kāds viņu pēc tam saremontēs ar piemēram tie pāsiem Hellas lukturiem ? uzliks lietotu orģinālo bamperi , OEM daļas...vai viņa būs bīstama satiksmei ? Bet izmaksas būs pavisam citas

Protams visādi rumbula konstruktori ir cita lieta utt.

Bet man liekas ar jaunajām tehnoloģijām, jau pie relatīvi maza bojājuma var iestāties total loss.

Vēl jau atkarīgs no valstis kur norakstās...piemēram gadījums no pieredzes ( ne manas), cilvēks ar Honda civic uzbrauc šķreslim un pārsit karteri, izlīst eļja. Uzreiz pēc sadursmes auto tiek apstādināts un noslāpēts....dīleris norvēģijā pasaka, ka motors ir bijis bez eļas, kaut īsu brīdi, un viņi nevar garantēt, ka pēc kartera maiņas motors būs 100% labs, līdz ar to viņi tāmē liek iekšā jaunu motoru, kurs maksā tik cik paša mašīna...rezultāta auto noraksta.


nu, pag.

jauniem auto [liidz 5 gadiem] jaaliek razhotaaja/OEM + jaunas detaljas.
Vecaakiem par 5 gadiem: der lietotas un alternatiivie risinaajumi.

kaapeec lai apdroshinaataajs maksaatu vairaak [visu], ja var taisiit? kaapeec?
Nu, ja nevar, tad - kaa peeksnji kaads cits sataisiis tikpat labi, tikai - krietni leetaak? kaa?

a. nemaksaajot nodokljus?
b. uzstaadot zagtas detaljas?
c. uzstaadot hvz ko, vai SRS - neuztaadot vispaar?
nu i nah tas viss ir vajadziigs?
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DM-101
14. Sep 2021, 14:36 #13670

Kopš: 06. Oct 2019

Ziņojumi: 5526

Braucu ar:

es atveeru F32 SRS aprakstu.
Saturs saka, ka tiekot apskatiiti sekojoshi modulji/elementi:
Brief component description
The following airbag system components will be described:

Crash Safety Module (ACSM)
Integrated chassis management (ICM)
Front Electronic Module (FEM)
Central gateway module (ZGM)
Digital Engine Electronics or Digital Diesel Electronics (DME or DDE)
Instrument panel (KOMBI)
Airbag front sensor
Airbag sensor front door
Airbag sensor, B-pillar
Seat belt buckle switch
Seat-occupancy mat with pressure sensors (European version)
Seat-occupancy mat with capacitive sensor system (US version)
Seat position sensor (US version)
Switch for front passenger airbag deactivation (European version)
Driver's airbag and front passenger airbag
Head airbag (curtain)
Crash‐active headrest
Side airbag (backrest)
Knee airbag
Seat belt tensioner
Seat belt force limiter
Electric fuel pump
Safety battery terminal
Combox multimedia and Combox emergency call
Indicator lamp for front passenger airbag deactivation
Airbag control lamp



Un tagad jautaajums - kursh nespcializeetais serviss vispaar ko no shii cert un speej profesionaali sataisiit???
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DM-101
14. Sep 2021, 14:42 #13671

Kopš: 06. Oct 2019

Ziņojumi: 5526

Braucu ar:


en | kaspich
newTIS
Home / BMW F32 440i Coupe / Wiring Diagrams and Functional Description / Body / Safety functions / Airbag /
Passive safety

The airbag acts to minimise the forces acting on the body in the event of an accident, and thereby contributes to reducing the risk of severe injuries.

Various airbag systems are installed and activated by the airbag control unit; these are designed to protect different parts of the body and they target different types of accident. Once the airbag control unit has recognised, following signals from the airbag sensors, that an accident is occurring that could be dangerous for the occupants, airbag deployment takes place. In order to avoid an unintentional activation of the airbag, at least 2 airbag sensors must report a crash simultaneously and independently of each other. Airbag deployment occurs by means of a current pulse from the airbag control unit. This causes the gas generator ignition squib to activate and the airbag is then filled. Many vehicles are additionally equipped with belt tensioners, which reduce the slack on the seat belt at the same time as the airbag control unit is activated. Belt force limiters also come into play; these allow the occupants to slide forward when a certain force is reached, which enables an optimal restraining effect to be implemented in coordination with the airbag.
Attention! Risk of accident!

Work on the airbag system may only be performed by experts. Incorrect handling can lead to the activation of airbags and belt tensioners, potentially causing serious injuries. The safety regulations and legal provisions applicable in the relevant country must be observed.
Note! Airbag system equipment varies depending on the series, model, vehicle equipment and national-market version.

The following description does not cover the entire potential equipment range of the airbag system, with reference to the series, vehicle equipment and national-market version.
Brief component description
The following airbag system components will be described:

Crash Safety Module (ACSM)
Integrated chassis management (ICM)
Front Electronic Module (FEM)
Central gateway module (ZGM)
Digital Engine Electronics or Digital Diesel Electronics (DME or DDE)
Instrument panel (KOMBI)
Airbag front sensor
Airbag sensor front door
Airbag sensor, B-pillar
Seat belt buckle switch
Seat-occupancy mat with pressure sensors (European version)
Seat-occupancy mat with capacitive sensor system (US version)
Seat position sensor (US version)
Switch for front passenger airbag deactivation (European version)
Driver's airbag and front passenger airbag
Head airbag (curtain)
Crash‐active headrest
Side airbag (backrest)
Knee airbag
Seat belt tensioner
Seat belt force limiter
Electric fuel pump
Safety battery terminal
Combox multimedia and Combox emergency call
Indicator lamp for front passenger airbag deactivation
Airbag control lamp

ACSM: Crash Safety Module

The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) acts as the control unit for the airbag system. There are no sensors in the Crash Safety Module (ACSM).

Following start, the Crash Safety Module (ACSM) initiates a self-test. During this time, the airbag indicator light illuminates (3 to 5 seconds). When the airbag system is ready for operation, the airbag indicator light goes out.

All the gas generators and sensors in the airbag system are directly connected with the Crash Safety Module (ACSM). The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) evaluates the acceleration data (longitudinal and lateral acceleration) of the sensors and thus determines the direction and severity of the accident in the event of a crash. Comprehensive tests are used to define triggering thresholds for all possible types of accident. This results in different trigger thresholds for activation of the various restraint systems (airbags, seatbelt tensioners, etc.). When a crash occurs, the Crash Safety Module (ACSM) decides whether activation is required and which gas generators (belt tensioners, airbags, crash-active headrest, etc) must be activated. The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) also triggers the safety battery terminal.

The restraint systems are triggered only when 2 independent sensors detect the corresponding threshold.

The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) transmits a message to other bus users when the restraint systems are triggered. The individual control units execute various functions according to the severity of the accident. For example, the footwell module (FRM) or front electronic module (FEM) activates the interior lights and hazard warning flashers.

The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) transmits a signal to the Combox via a direct line. The Combox automatically initiates an emergency call which also includes the location of the vehicle.

When the restraint systems are activated, certain data is written to a read-only data memory in the Crash Safety Module (ACSM). The data is relevant for the investigation into the accident (no access for Service). After 3 crash signals, the data memory is full. The airbag warning lamp lights up. The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) must be replaced.

For the seat belt warning, the signals of the belt buckle switch are picked up separately.

The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) contains an ignition capacitor. If the voltage supply is interrupted in the event of a crash, the ignition capacitor acts as an energy reserve for the Crash Safety Module (ACSM).
Item Explanation Item Explanation
1 104-pin plug connection 2 20‐pin plug connection
3 Crash Safety Module (ACSM)

There are two different manufacturers for the various national-market versions:

US version
Continental: the control unit is called ACSM-04C and features over 14, 22 or 30 channels, depending on the vehicle equipment
European version and rest of world
Bosch: the control unit is called ACSM-04B and features over 16 or 20 channels, depending on model

The control units must not be swapped, even if they look identical!
ICM: Integrated Chassis Management

The networking of the suspension control systems by the Integrated Chassis Management (ICM) provides a hierarchical function structure for all software-based driving dynamics functions.

The Integrated Chassis Management (ICM) provides the systems in the entire vehicle with the dynamic handling characteristics state, in the form of signals (lateral acceleration, longitudinal acceleration and yaw rate). The Integrated Chassis Management (ICM) sends these signals as bus signals to another bus user.

In addition to the sensors for driving dynamics control, the Integrated Chassis Management (ICM) includes a longitudinal acceleration sensor and a lateral acceleration sensor for impact detection.

Two wires provide a direct connection between the Integrated Chassis Management (ICM) and the Crash Safety Module (ACSM) for transmission of the sensor signals.

Depending on vehicle equipment and the national-market version, the Integrated Chassis Management (ICM) may also include a vertical acceleration sensor and a yaw rate sensor. Sensor signals are employed for vehicle dynamics systems as well as for impact detection. For the purposes of impact detection, the Integrated Chassis Management (ICM) transmits the sensor signals directly to the Crash Safety Module (ACSM), via 2 lines.
Item Explanation Item Explanation
1 Integrated chassis management (ICM) 2 54‐pin plug connection
Front electronic module (FEM): Front electronic module

The front electronic module (FEM) supplies the Crash Safety Module (ACSM) with voltage from terminal 30B. The front electronic module (FEM) activates the central locking drive. The front electronic module (FEM) also controls the interior lighting and the exterior lights. In the event of an accident with a relevant level of severity, the central locking system is unlocked and the interior light and hazard warning flasher automatically switch on.
Item Explanation Item Explanation
1 Front Electronic Module (FEM) 2 Input, voltage supply
ZGM: Central gateway module

The central gateway module (ZGM) is integrated into the front electronic module (FEM). The central gateway module (ZGM) enables data exchange between the different bus systems.
DME or DDE: Digital Motor Electronics or Digital Diesel Electronics

If an airbag activates, the DME or Digital Diesel Electronics (DDE) switches off the electric fuel pump. The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) transmits the command through the CAN bus. The DME or Digital Diesel Electronics (DDE) are bus users.
Instrument panel: Instrument cluster

The instrument cluster (KOMBI) indicates the airbag system function by means of an indicator light. The instrument cluster (KOMBI) is connected to the Crash Safety Module (ACSM) via the PT-CAN.

The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) requests the indicator light or a Check Control message. The instrument cluster (KOMBI) receives the status from the Crash Safety Module (ACSM) whenever the terminal status is terminal 15 wake-up line on or higher. If such a status applies, this is displayed; for example by means of the front passenger airbag switching off.
Airbag front sensor

Airbag front sensors are installed on the left and right supports of the front panel. The 2 front airbag sensors are longitudinal acceleration sensors. The sensors detect head-on or rear-end collisions.

The following graphic indicates the installation location of the airbag front sensor, using the example of the left side of the F30.
Item Explanation Item Explanation
1 two‐pin plug connection 2 Airbag front sensor
Airbag sensor front door

The airbag sensors are fitted in each of the inner door panels. The 2 airbag sensors in the doors are pressure sensors. The airbag sensor consists of the following components:

Pressure sensor for detection of a side-on crash
Electronic module for signal processing and for data interchange

If the door outer skin is pressed inwards in a side-on collision, the door interior is reduced in size. This increases the pressure in the door interior. This increase in pressure is measured by the pressure sensor. The measured pressure values are digitised in the electronic module. The electronic component transmits a message to the Crash Safety Module (ACSM). The message is processed in the Crash Safety Module (ACSM).

The following graphic indicates the installation location of the airbag sensor front door, using the example of the left side of the F30.
Item Explanation Item Explanation
1 two‐pin plug connection 2 Airbag sensor front door
Airbag sensor, B-pillar

Airbag sensors are fitted on the left-hand and right-hand B-pillars at the bottom in the area of the sill. Each airbag sensor contains a lateral acceleration sensor and a longitudinal acceleration sensor. The longitudinal acceleration sensor detects head-on and rear-end collisions. The lateral acceleration sensor acceleration sensor detects a side impact.

The following graphic indicates the installation location of the airbag sensor B-pillar, using the example of the left side of the F30.
Item Explanation Item Explanation
1 two‐pin plug connection 2 Airbag sensor, B-pillar
Seat belt buckle switch

The belt buckle switches indicate whether the seat belts have been fastened or not. The seat belt buckle switches receive voltage from the Crash Safety Module (ACSM). The current consumption of the switch is the signal for the switch position (seat belt fastened or not fastened). The seat belt buckle switches are permanently monitored whenever power is present at Terminal 15 and the status is wake-up line ON.

Whether or not the belt tensioner on the passenger's side is activated depends on the status signal of the seat belt buckle switch (seat belt fastened or not fastened). If the seat belt is inserted in the seat belt buckle switch, the belt tensioner is also activated, if needed (only with head-on or rear-end collision). If the front passenger seat is detected as occupied via the signals from the seat occupancy mat without the belt buckle switch sending a signal, a seat belt warning is issued.
Seat-occupancy mat with pressure sensors (European version)

The front passenger seat occupancy detection detects whether the seat is occupied or not. The seat occupancy mat consists of conductors and pressure sensors. The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) receives and evaluates the signal from the pressure sensors.

The following graphic shows the seat-occupancy mat using example: F25.

The seat-occupancy mat is installed between the cover and foam insert of the seat.
Item Explanation Item Explanation
1 Seat-occupancy mat with pressure sensor

The following graphic shows the seat-occupancy mat using example: F20.

The seat-occupancy mat is installed on the rear side of the foam insert.
Item Explanation Item Explanation
1 two‐pin plug connection 2 seat occupancy mat with pressure sensors

When a weight is placed on the seat, resistance in the seat occupancy mat changes. The seat is recognised as being not occupied up to a weight of approx. 12 kg. The seat occupancy detection function, however, also depends on the type of seat. The material tension in a leather seat or a taut sports seat is already interpreted as pressure on the sensors. In such cases, a weight below 12 kg can trigger the ”seat occupied” condition. The signal is transmitted to the Crash Safety Module (ACSM) in a direct wire. The signal is only required for the seat belt warning.
Seat-occupancy mat with capacitive sensor system (US version)

According to the regulations of the NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration), a child in the child restraint system specifically designed for the purpose on the front passenger seat must be detected automatically. If the front passenger seat is classified as "occupied" by a child restraint system specifically designed for the purpose, the Crash Safety Module (ACSM) automatically switches off the airbags on the passenger's side (front passenger airbag, side airbag, knee airbag). The indicator light for front passenger airbag deactivation lights up.

The following graphic shows the seat-occupancy mat using example: F25.
Item Explanation Item Explanation
A Seat occupancy mat with capacitative sensor and without seat heating pad B Seat occupancy mat with capacitative sensor and with seat heating pad
1 Seat-occupancy mat with capacitive sensor system 2 Evaluation electronics
3 Plug connector for seat occupancy mat 4 Plug connector for seat heater pad
5 Seat heater pad

The front passenger seat occupancy detection consists of a seat occupancy mat with a capacitive sensor system and evaluation electronics. The occupancy of the front passenger seat is detected by measuring the resistance of the human body.

Classification of the seat occupancy is based on the evaluation of the capacitive resistance. The electronic evaluation unit picks up the change and determines the corresponding status.

The airbags on the passenger's side are deactivated automatically when a child is detected in the child restraint system provided for this purpose. The indicator light for front passenger airbag deactivation lights up. If a person of adequate size sitting correctly is detected, the airbags on the passenger's side are activated. The indicator light for the front passenger airbag deactivation does not light up.

The front passenger airbag could deactivate with a youth or adult seated in certain positions (indicator light for passenger airbag deactivation comes on). In these cases, the seat position must be changed until the indicator light for the front passenger airbag deactivation goes out (airbags on the passenger's side are activated).


Note!

Electronic devices that are placed on the front passenger seat, e.g. laptop computers, mobile phones etc., could cause the front passenger airbag to activate.

This behaviour occurs primarily with devices that are connected to the vehicle electrical system via a USB cable or other charger adapter.

In vehicles with an acoustic seat belt warning, this could cause the warning signal to sound.

Moisture on the seat surface can also cause a faulty seat occupancy detection.

The evaluation electronics transmit status information to the Crash Safety Module (ACSM) in cyclical transmissions. Potential fault statuses are stored in the Crash Safety Module's (ACSM) fault memory.

If the seat-occupancy mat is faulty, the airbags on the passenger's side are automatically deactivated (front passenger airbag, side airbag and knee airbag). The indicator light for front passenger airbag deactivation lights up.
Seat position sensor (US version)

According to the regulations of the FMVSS (Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard), a 5th percentile woman must be distinguished from a 50th percentile man on the driver's seat. The seat-position sensor identifies the range for the relevant person using the seat adjustment in the longitudinal direction.

The seat-position sensor is designed as a hall effect sensor and it is supplied with voltage via the Crash Safety Module (ACSM).

The signal of the seating position sensor also influences the delayed triggering of stage 2 of the inflator assembly (driver's airbag and front passenger airbag) as well as the ignition squib for opening the discharge hole.

If the vehicle is equipped with a memory seat, the seat-position sensor is omitted.
Switch for front passenger airbag deactivation (European version)

A switch for front passenger airbag deactivation is available as optional equipment. If a child seat is fitted on the front passenger seat, the front passenger airbags must be switched off. On European-version vehicles, switch-off is effected via the switch for front passenger airbag deactivation. On US vehicles, switch-off is automatic, by means of seat occupancy detection. The switch for front passenger airbag deactivation can only be reached when the vehicle is stationary and the door is open. The switch can be rotated into the required position using the key integrated into the remote key or ID transmitter. The indicator lamp for front-passenger airbag deactivation lights up when the switch is OFF.

In the switch position "OFF", the following airbags on the passenger's side are not deployed:

Front passenger airbag
Side airbag (in the armrest side section of the passengers seat)
Crash-active headrest (if available)
Knee airbag (if present)

The following graphic shows the installation location of the switch for front passenger airbag deactivation on the passenger's side.
Item Explanation Item Explanation
1 Switch for front passenger airbag deactivation 2 Front passenger airbag switch position switched on
3 Front passenger airbag switch position switched off
Driver's airbag and front passenger airbag

The driver's airbag and front passenger airbag reduce the risk of head and chest injuries to the occupants in the case of a head-on collision. The driver airbag is located under the centre pad on the steering wheel. The front passenger airbag is built into the dashboard above the glove box.

The following graphic shows the driver's airbag and front passenger airbag, using the example of the F30.
Item Explanation Item Explanation
A Driver's airbag in the steering wheel impact absorber B Front passenger airbag in the dashboard

US version

The US version uses a two-stage driver's airbag and front passenger airbag with pyrotechnically activated discharge holes. The driver's airbag and the front passenger airbag are each equipped with a two-stage gas generator. The discharge hole in the airbag serves to adapt the hardness of the airbag in an optimal way in the event of an accident. The discharge hole is pyrotechnically activated. Depending on the accident severity, both stages of the airbag as well as the ignition squib for opening the discharge hole are activated with a time delay. This enables adaptation of the restraining effect of the airbag to the severity of each accident.
Head airbag

The head airbag prevents direct contact between the head and the body or an object penetrating the vehicle. The head airbag stretches continuously at head height from the A-pillar to the C-pillar. A head airbag is installed on the driver's and on the passenger's side.

The shape and stability of the head airbag are retained for several seconds after deployment. The head airbag deflates more slowly than the front and side airbags. thus providing longer protection for the head in lateral rollover situations.

The following graphic shows the activated head airbag, using the example of the left side of a F30.
Crash‐active headrest

On activation, the crash-active head restraint reduces the distance between the head restraint and head in order to reduce the load on the cervical vertebrae during a rear-end collision. Spring force propels the head restraint's front section into place in the event of a rear-end collision. It moves forward by up to 60 mm, and upward by up to 40 mm (depending upon the depth adjustment). This reduces the distance to the head. The crash-active headrest is available for the driver's seat and front passenger seat. From the outside the Crash-Active Head Restraint is distinguished by its two sections, which give it an easily recognised appearance.

The following graphic shows the right-hand crash-active headrest.
Item Explanation Item Explanation
A Crash-active headrest not activated B Crash-active headrest activated
1 Button for setting the head restraint (depth adjustment)
Side airbag

The side airbags are fitted in the external backrest side sections of the front seats. The side airbags reduce the risk of injuries to the occupants in the lap or torso area in the event of a side collision.

The following graphic shows the side airbag, using the example of a left seat.
Item Explanation Item Explanation
A Side airbag not activated B Side airbag activated
Knee airbag

The knee airbag protection ensures the surface of the knee is supported in the event of activation. This initiates controlled forward displacement of the upper body. The upper body is cushioned by the respective airbag (driver's airbag, front passenger airbag).

The following graphic shows the knee airbag, using the example of the F30.
Item Explanation Item Explanation
1 Knee airbag, front 2 Knee airbag, rear side
Seatbelt tensioners for driver belt and passenger belt

As a rule, the seat belt does not fully tighten around the body. The so-called "belt slack" of the seat belt ensures that the occupants can move comfortably to an adequate degree. In the event of a crash, the pyrotechnic belt tensioner pulls the seat belt buckle downwards several centimetres. The seat belt is thereby simultaneously pulled tight in the area around the pelvis and shoulders of the occupants.
Seat belt force limiter

The seat belts are the primary restraint system for all occupants. To minimise the load placed on the occupants in the event of a severe head-on collision, the seat belts are equipped as standard with belt force limiters. The mechanical belt tension limiters ensure that the seatbelt strap has a defined flexibility as of a certain force. The danger of injury due to belt forces exerted on the body is reduced.
Electric fuel pump

Depending on the severity of the accident, the flow of fuel is also interrupted. DME or Digital Diesel Electronics (DDE) switch off the electric fuel pump when requested to do so by the Crash Safety Module (ACSM).
Safety battery terminal

Depending on the severity of the accident, the safety battery terminal may disconnect the starter motor, the alternator and the remote battery terminal from the battery. This prevents the risk of electrical short-circuits in a serious accident.

The pyrotechnic unit on a further safety battery terminal will also interrupt the activation of the switch contactors in the high-voltage battery unit in the hybrid car. The electrical machine electronics (EME) briefly closes the 3 phases of the electrical machine and starts the active discharge of the link capacitors. This causes the high-voltage system to switch off automatically if a serious accident occurs.

Even if the safety battery terminal is disconnected, the system ensures that voltage continues to be supplied to all safety-relevant electrical equipment, such as the hazard warning flashers, interior lamps and phone.
CBX-MEDIA and CBX-ECALL: Combox multimedia and Combox emergency call

The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) responds to accidents beyond a specified severity by transmitting a signal over a data wire and to the Combox. The Combox automatically initiates an emergency call which also contains the location of the vehicle. With High equipment, the Combox consists of 2 components:

Main board: Combox multimedia (CBX-MEDIA)
Emergency call printed circuit board: Combox emergency call (CBX-ECALL)

These are 2 separate control units in 1 housing. These two control units also respond during the vehicle test in the diagnosis.

The high equipment version of the Combox is the only version with telematics capability (automatic emergency call).
Indicator lamp for front passenger airbag deactivation

In the case of vehicles with the switch for front passenger airbag deactivation (optional equipment) an indicator light is installed in the roof function centre. The indicator light is activated and lights up when the front passenger airbag is switched off. The indicator light is continuously monitored by the Crash Safety Module (ACSM).

When the indicator lamp for the front passenger airbag deactivation is lit, this means that the following passenger's side airbags have been switched off:

Front passenger airbag
Side airbag (in the armrest side section of the passengers seat)
Crash-active headrest (if available)
Knee airbag (if present)

A fault in the voltage supply or a defective light is stored in the fault memory of the Crash Safety Module (ACSM). If this occurs, the airbag indicator light is switched on.

The following graphic shows the indicator lights in the roof function centre (FZD), using the example of the F20.
Item Explanation Item Explanation
1 Roof function centre (FZD) 2 Indicator light, front passenger airbag switched off
3 Button for interior lighting 4 Emergency call button
Airbag control lamp

The airbag indicator light indicates the operability of the airbag system. The airbag indicator light on the instrument cluster (KOMBI) is activated by the Crash Safety Module (ACSM) via the PT-CAN.

The following graphic shows the airbag indicator light in the instrument cluster (KOMBI), using the example of the F25.
Item Explanation Item Explanation
1 Indicator light for belt tensioner fault and airbag system 2 Visual seat belt warning, front passenger airbag (also for rear seat, depending on model)
3 Visual seat belt warning, driver's airbag

With the optional equipment "acoustic seat belt warning" an acoustic signal will also be emitted if the driver's seat belt has not been fastened. Depending on the national-market version, either one or both of the seat belt warnings are legally prescribed.
System functions
The following system functions are described for the airbag system:

Functional networking
Self-test
Visual seat belt warning
Impact detection
Activation of the airbag system
Message to other control units
High-voltage switch off (hybrid car)

Functional networking

The following graphic illustrates the functional networking for the airbag system, using the example of F30.
Item Explanation Item Explanation
1 Airbag front sensor, left (US version) 2 Front electronic module (FEM) with installed central gateway module (ZGM)
3 Crash Safety Module (ACSM) 4 Instrument panel (KOMBI)
5 Switch for front passenger airbag deactivation (European version) 6 Airbag front sensor, right (US version)
7 Airbag sensor, right-hand front door (US version and depending on model) 8 Head airbag, right (depending on equipment)
9 Airbag sensor, right B-pillar 10 Reversible electromotive automatic reel, right (REMABF), (model-specific)
11 Adaptive belt force limiter, front right (US version, depending on equipment) 12 Reel tensioner for front passenger seat belt (US version)
13 Safety battery terminal 14 Seat belt buckle contact, rear passenger's side (European version, model-specific)
15 Front passenger seat occupancy detector (US version) 16 Front passenger seat occupancy detector (Europe version)
17 Seat position sensor, front passenger (US version) 18 Seat belt buckle switch for front passenger seat belt
19 Belt tensioner for front passenger seat belt 20 Front side airbag, passenger's side
21 Crash-active headrest, front passenger seat 22 Front passenger airbag (European version)
23 Front passenger airbag with pyrotechnically activated discharge hole (US version) 24 Knee airbag for front passenger (US version)
25 Indicator lamp for front passenger airbag deactivation 26 Front fuse and relay module
27 Rollover protection, right (model-specific) 28 Seat belt buckle contact (model-specific)
29 Rollover protection, left (model-specific) 30 Integrated chassis management (ICM)
31 Knee airbag for driver (model-specific) 32 Driver's airbag with pyrotechnically activated discharge hole (US version)
33 Driver's airbag (European version) 34 Crash-active headrest, driver's seat
35 Front side airbag, driver's side 36 Belt tensioner for driver's seat belt
37 Belt buckle switch for driver belt 38 Seat position sensor, driver (US version)
39 Seat belt buckle contact, driver's side, rear (European version) 40 Reel tensioner for driver's seat belt (US version)
41 Adaptive belt force limiter, front left (US version) 42 Combox (CBX-MEDIA or CBX-ECALL)
43 Reversible electromotive automatic reel, left (REMAFA) (model-specific) 44 Airbag sensor, left B-pillar
45 Head airbag, left 46 Airbag sensor, front door, left (US version)
LIN LIN bus PT-CAN Drivetrain CAN
Self-test

In addition to all the inputs and outputs, the Crash Safety Module (ACSM) also monitors the internal construction components. Possible fault codes are stored in the Crash Safety Module (ACSM). In the event of a system error or a fault in a component, the airbag warning lamp lights up.

Following start, the Crash Safety Module (ACSM) initiates a self-test. The airbag indicator light in the instrument cluster (KOMBI) remains on during this period (3 to 5 seconds). When the airbag system is ready for operation, the airbag indicator light goes out.

If the instrument cluster (KOMBI) does not receive a CAN message from the Crash Safety Module (ACSM) in this period, the airbag indicator light will light up.

The airbag indicator light remains switched on if the Crash Safety Module (ACSM) identifies an existing fault or one that has been stored during the self-test or while driving.

If a fault is detected in the airbag system, the airbag system remains partly operable subject to the following conditions:

If a fault is detected in an airbag system circuit, only the affected circuit is disabled. The other airbag and seatbelt tensioners remain functional.
In the event of a fault in the circuit of the airbag warning lamp, the lamp does not light up in the self-test. Subject to the prerequisite that no other faults are present, the airbag system remains functional without restriction.

In the event of an internal fault or a fault in the voltage supply in the Crash Safety Module (ACSM), the entire airbag system will be disabled (airbag indicator light lights up and a Check Control message is displayed).
Visual seat belt warning

If the driver or front passenger has not fastened their seat belt, a visual seat belt warning is displayed in the instrument cluster.

In certain models, an acoustic seat belt warning can be emitted, by means of an acoustic signal.

If customers frequently transport items on the front passenger seat, the acoustic seat belt warning will persistently emit an alarm. In such cases, the acoustic seat belt warning can be deactivated for the passenger's side in the workshop by means of encoding. The visual warning via the seat belt warning light remains enabled.
Impact detection

The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) detects all impacts throughout a 360° range.

Within the Crash Safety Module (ACSM), the direction and severity of the crash are determined based on inputs from the following external sensors:

Airbag front sensor, left and airbag front sensor, right
Airbag sensor, front door, left and airbag sensor, front door, right
Left B-pillar airbag sensor and right B-pillar airbag sensor
Longitudinal acceleration sensor and lateral acceleration sensor for impact detection in the Integrated Chassis Management (ICM)
Vertical acceleration sensor in the Integrated Chassis Management (ICM)
Yaw rate sensor in the Integrated Chassis Management (ICM)

The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) processes all acceleration data. An algorithm is used to calculate the direction and the severity of an accident based on this data.
Activation of the airbag system

Comprehensive tests are used to define triggering thresholds for all possible types of accident. This results in different trigger thresholds for activation of the various restraint systems (airbags, seatbelt tensioners, etc.). The restraint systems are only triggered if 2 independent sensors simultaneously detect the corresponding threshold values.

The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) processes acceleration data from the sensors. The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) relies on acceleration data to identify the direction and accident severity of a crash. In the event of a crash, the Crash Safety Module (ACSM) determines whether activation is required and which gas generators (belt tensioner, airbags, etc.) should be ignited. For example, the seatbelt tensioners have a lower trigger threshold than the front airbags. This means that depending on accident severity, only the belt tensioner may be activated by the Crash Safety Module (ACSM).
Message to other control units

The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) transmits a message to other bus users when the restraint systems are triggered. The following functions are performed by the relevant control units depending on the severity of the accident:

DME (Digital Engine Electronics) or DDE (Digital Diesel Electronics)
Switch off alternator
Electric fuel pump (EKPS)
Switch off electric fuel pump
Front Electronic Module (FEM)
Open central locking system
Switching on interior lights
Switching on the hazard warning flasher

High-voltage switch off (hybrid car)

The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) identifies what is occurring if the vehicle is involved in a serious accident. In this case, the safety battery terminal is disconnected. The safety battery terminal is used in the high-voltage system to supply the switch contactor coils in the high-voltage battery and to indicate the accident to the power electronics. Following the blowing of the safety battery terminal, the electromechanical switch contactors are opened, the link capacitors in the power electronics discharge and the electrical machine coils short circuit. This causes the high-voltage system to switch off automatically if a serious accident occurs.
Notes for Service department
General notes

Work on the airbag system may only be performed by experts. All work on the airbag system must be conducted with the battery disconnected. Only connect or disconnect control units, sensors and gas generators when the battery is disconnected. Removal or installation in other vehicles is prohibited. Only use testing equipment and measuring devices approved by BMW.

The following general notes are provided in relation to servicing of the airbag system:
Caution: After disconnecting the battery terminals, wait 1 minute before starting work on the airbag system.

Following disconnection of the battery terminals, personnel must allow at least 1 minute to elapse before starting work on the airbag system. The waiting period ensures that the capacitors with the energy reserve of the system are completely discharged. This prevents inadvertent triggering of airbags or seatbelt tensioners.
Caution: Only fit officially approved seat covers.

Never install seat covers, seat cushions or other objects on the front seats unless they have been specifically approved for seats with integral side airbags. Do not hang any jackets over the backrests. This severely impairs or disables the airbag function.
Diagnosis instructions
Note: After 3 crash messages involving activation of the airbag system, replace the Crash Safety Module (ACSM).
When the airbag system is activated, the Crash Safety Module (ACSM) stores data in a non-erasable memory. The data is relevant for the investigation into the accident (no access for Service). After 3 crash signals, the data memory is full. The airbag warning lamp lights up. The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) must be replaced.
Notes on encoding/programming
Note: Encode Crash Safety Module (ACSM)
The Crash Safety Module (ACSM) contains vehicle-specific data and must be encoded prior to start-up.
National-market versions
US version

2-stage driver's airbag and front passenger airbag with pyrotechnically activated discharge hole

The driver's airbag and front passenger airbag are each equipped with a 2-stage gas generator. The discharge hole in the airbag serves to adapt the hardness of the airbag in an optimal way in the event of an accident. The discharge hole is pyrotechnically activated. Depending on the accident severity, both stages of the airbag as well as the ignition squib for opening the discharge hole are activated with a time delay. This enables adaptation of the restraint function of the airbag to the severity of each accident, thus minimising the additional load on the occupants during the unfolding phase of the airbag.


Note!

The diagnosis illustrates the pyrotechnically activated discharge hole within the test module as follows:

Airbag, driver, valve
Airbag, front passenger, valve

Visual and audible seat belt warning

As of terminal 15 On, a visual and acoustic seat belt warning is issued. The seat belt warning has a time limit (6 seconds).

The further progression of the seat belt warning is identical to that of the seat belt warning in a EURO vehicle.

Enable seat-occupancy mat.

Following replacement of the seat-occupancy mat with capacitive sensor system, the seat-occupancy mat must be enabled. A service function is available for initialisation.



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Gestus
14. Sep 2021, 14:51 #13672

Kopš: 07. Mar 2007

Ziņojumi: 743

Braucu ar: OOOO


14 Sep 2021, 14:33:44 @DM-101 rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 14:24:57 @Gestus rakstīja:
Man jau liekas ka kādā brīdī pat pie nosacīti maziem bojājumiem jau autor apdrošinātājs norakstīts, kaut konstrukcijā nebūs bojājumi, lonžeroni vietā utt...

Viss atdurās jauno auto detaļu cenās...piemrams Jaguar elektro auto - laikam I- pace, viens lukturis jauns 6800 EUR....jo LED...tas pats pat manam a6 kurš jau ir 6 gadus vecs...viens lukturis LED Matris pie dīlera maksā 3900 EUR.... līdz ar to piemēram ieskrienot maigi kādam aizmugurē un sabojājot abus lukturs , bamperi (kur nāk iekšā laikam divis uzvērēji, cik atceros, katrs ap 1500 EUR maksā, kapots, un citi sīkumi un auto jau var norakstīt, ja grib atjaunot ar orģinālām rezerves daļām, ne aftermārket (tas pats hella LED Matrix 1500 EUR) , kur vēl darbs utt ...līdz ar to visdrizāk apdrošinātājs auto noraksta...

Bet ja kāds viņu pēc tam saremontēs ar piemēram tie pāsiem Hellas lukturiem ? uzliks lietotu orģinālo bamperi , OEM daļas...vai viņa būs bīstama satiksmei ? Bet izmaksas būs pavisam citas

Protams visādi rumbula konstruktori ir cita lieta utt.

Bet man liekas ar jaunajām tehnoloģijām, jau pie relatīvi maza bojājuma var iestāties total loss.

Vēl jau atkarīgs no valstis kur norakstās...piemēram gadījums no pieredzes ( ne manas), cilvēks ar Honda civic uzbrauc šķreslim un pārsit karteri, izlīst eļja. Uzreiz pēc sadursmes auto tiek apstādināts un noslāpēts....dīleris norvēģijā pasaka, ka motors ir bijis bez eļas, kaut īsu brīdi, un viņi nevar garantēt, ka pēc kartera maiņas motors būs 100% labs, līdz ar to viņi tāmē liek iekšā jaunu motoru, kurs maksā tik cik paša mašīna...rezultāta auto noraksta.


nu, pag.

jauniem auto [liidz 5 gadiem] jaaliek razhotaaja/OEM + jaunas detaljas.
Vecaakiem par 5 gadiem: der lietotas un alternatiivie risinaajumi.

kaapeec lai apdroshinaataajs maksaatu vairaak [visu], ja var taisiit? kaapeec?
Nu, ja nevar, tad - kaa peeksnji kaads cits sataisiis tikpat labi, tikai - krietni leetaak? kaa?

a. nemaksaajot nodokljus?
b. uzstaadot zagtas detaljas?
c. uzstaadot hvz ko, vai SRS - neuztaadot vispaar?
nu i nah tas viss ir vajadziigs?


Kāpēc 5 gadi ? Vai tad nav 3 gadi (standarta garantijas laiks), protams var jau pagarinato paņemt...bet cik zinu, tad standartā KASKO ir 3 gadi dīlers...ja vecāks, tad jāpērk papildus klāt opcija par dīleri un jaunām orģinālām rezerves daļām un to nav teikts, ka dīlers pats sagādās detālās...ka tās nebūs orģinālās, bet caur piemēram no DTS, tik bez dīlera uzcenojuma.

Bet LV realitāte, jo ļoti daudz norakstīto auto LV atgriežas dzīvē...

Apdrošinātājs atliekas pārdod kādai konsultatīvai kompānijai, kas pēc tam pārdod tālāk...un šie auto jau sataisīti atgriežas LV tirgūs....

Protams, ka viņi iet Tevis nosauktos ceļus,

Nodokļi + kvalitāte + zagtas detaāls utt....citādāk īsti nebūs reāli visiem šajā ķēdē nopelnīt, ja visi darīt officiāli un pēc tehnaloģijām un atbilstošām detaļām....

Ne jau visus vecākos auto zog lai dzītu uz austrumu pusi un tirgotu kā veselu...

visus tiek zagtas lai satasītu šādus norakstītos auto.
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DM-101
14. Sep 2021, 15:21 #13673

Kopš: 06. Oct 2019

Ziņojumi: 5526

Braucu ar:

Cik man ir bijusi darishana ar kasko teemu - 5 gadi.
Ja peec taa auto ir garantija (pagarinaataa), logjiski - jaaspiezh uz jaunaam/oem. Pienjemu - liigumu teema.
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diesel
14. Sep 2021, 15:21 #13674

Kopš: 31. May 2002

No: Rīga

Ziņojumi: 5947

Braucu ar: B58 stage 2


14 Sep 2021, 14:00:01 @kexxx rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 13:53:47 @diesel rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 13:45:21 @kexxx rakstīja:
Var jau daudz gudri spriedelēt, kā var kvalitatīvi saremontēt ar labām lietotām daļām utt utt utt
Bet te galvenais ir mērķis, ar kādu sists auto parasti tiek iegādāts- saremontēt un pārdot ar peļņu.
Nu kāda iksa pēc lai perekups meklētu labas lietotas daļas un censtos salabot kvalitatīvi??? Viņam galvenais pārdot- un gūt peļņu. Lai pārdotu, vajag, lai vizuāli izskatītos smuki. Ja tur kkur zem plastmasām vadi satīti ar izoleni, lonžerons salipināts, airbagi nav ielikti vai ģeometrija šķība- viņu tas nekrata, jo ne jau viņš ar to auto braukās

Nepērc no perekupa, vai tad kāds spiež ? Pasūti, pērc no pārbaudītiem starpniekiem. Vai ja nevari vai negribi pārbaudīt pats nu tā jau nav perekupa vaina ) Jā mēs nedzīvojam ideālā pasaulē, točna


Forša domāšana
Salipini škilteni, notin odo, varbūt vispār zagtu tirgo- tā taču nav perekupa vaina, pats vainīgs, ka nopirki

Nepārproti, es kā reiz tādus variantus neatbalstu. Man nesāp ja kāds perekups tā dara. Runa ir par citu. Pienu pērkot uz derīguma termiņu aci uzmet vai ne ? Paviršība ir pirkt auto bez diagnostikas vai importētu bez pārskatāmas vēstures. Bet redz tādi cilvēki ir, mby pat viens no tiem esi Tu, par cik tēmā ))
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DM-101
14. Sep 2021, 15:38 #13675

Kopš: 06. Oct 2019

Ziņojumi: 5526

Braucu ar:


Datubaazees paraada tikai to,kas tur ievadiits.
Ar to diagnostiku arii.. reku bija reaals keiss ar F10. Cilveeks nopirka skarbu tiiteni,ieberzaas reaalos izdevumos uzreiz peec iegaades (ar sprauslaam prpbleemas,hpfp izhjeerbaas,co katiem kapec, nox sisteemai kapec,utml.). Diagnoze veikta zinaamaa kantorii - eksperta Alena reklameetaa. Un? Nulle emociju. Preciizaak - personaazhi ar dubultu energjiju mutes tikai bruukjee. Un taadu keisu ir bez sava gala. Cilveeki lielaakoties pat nerunaa,jo - kaada jeega. Visi tikai izreeks. Diemzheel,liimenis ir tragjisks. Atbildiiba nulle.
Un papildus shim - pilsonja videejaa izpratne: a kur probleema,ja srs nav atjaunots?
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Cipotsdizels
14. Sep 2021, 15:58 #13676

Kopš: 13. Jan 2018

No: Rīga

Ziņojumi: 252

Braucu ar: Jaguar XK8, e46

Da ko var gribet no nobrauktām mizām. Laimes spēle tā ir. Tepat no foruma nopirku e46 un pēc 2 ned jau nolociju 1,2k remontos
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DM-101
14. Sep 2021, 16:09 #13677

Kopš: 06. Oct 2019

Ziņojumi: 5526

Braucu ar:


14 Sep 2021, 15:58:37 @Cipotsdizels rakstīja:
Da ko var gribet no nobrauktām mizām. Laimes spēle tā ir. Tepat no foruma nopirku e46 un pēc 2 ned jau nolociju 1,2k remontos


Nevis laimes,bet lohu speele tavaa gadiijumaa. Tu uzvareeji.
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Cipotsdizels
14. Sep 2021, 16:24 #13678

Kopš: 13. Jan 2018

No: Rīga

Ziņojumi: 252

Braucu ar: Jaguar XK8, e46

Nu hz, nejūtos baigi zaudējis ar to, ka nācās restaurēt visas sprauslas un vēl pāris lietas samainīt. Vismaz tagad ar normalu un nesmirdošu auto var parvietoties.
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kexxx
14. Sep 2021, 17:15 #13679

Kopš: 12. Dec 2010

Ziņojumi: 8104

Braucu ar:


14 Sep 2021, 15:21:34 @diesel rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 14:00:01 @kexxx rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 13:53:47 @diesel rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 13:45:21 @kexxx rakstīja:
Var jau daudz gudri spriedelēt, kā var kvalitatīvi saremontēt ar labām lietotām daļām utt utt utt
Bet te galvenais ir mērķis, ar kādu sists auto parasti tiek iegādāts- saremontēt un pārdot ar peļņu.
Nu kāda iksa pēc lai perekups meklētu labas lietotas daļas un censtos salabot kvalitatīvi??? Viņam galvenais pārdot- un gūt peļņu. Lai pārdotu, vajag, lai vizuāli izskatītos smuki. Ja tur kkur zem plastmasām vadi satīti ar izoleni, lonžerons salipināts, airbagi nav ielikti vai ģeometrija šķība- viņu tas nekrata, jo ne jau viņš ar to auto braukās

Nepērc no perekupa, vai tad kāds spiež ? Pasūti, pērc no pārbaudītiem starpniekiem. Vai ja nevari vai negribi pārbaudīt pats nu tā jau nav perekupa vaina ) Jā mēs nedzīvojam ideālā pasaulē, točna


Forša domāšana
Salipini škilteni, notin odo, varbūt vispār zagtu tirgo- tā taču nav perekupa vaina, pats vainīgs, ka nopirki

Nepārproti, es kā reiz tādus variantus neatbalstu. Man nesāp ja kāds perekups tā dara. Runa ir par citu. Pienu pērkot uz derīguma termiņu aci uzmet vai ne ? Paviršība ir pirkt auto bez diagnostikas vai importētu bez pārskatāmas vēstures. Bet redz tādi cilvēki ir, mby pat viens no tiem esi Tu, par cik tēmā ))


Salīdzināji- piena derīgumu ar auto appisieniem
Cilvēks parastais nepārzina visu šo šķilteņu/tīteņi/appisēju bizīti, aiziet uz placi un pērk auto, uzticoties pārdevējam, kurš apgalvo, ka auto ir labā stāvoklī, oriģinālu nobraukumu, ņibitij ņe krašenij, lai gan pats ļoti labi zina, kādu sūdu iesmērē... Vēl uzzīmētu servisa grāmatiņu parāda- re, visa vēsture "pārskatāma"
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diesel
14. Sep 2021, 19:35 #13680

Kopš: 31. May 2002

No: Rīga

Ziņojumi: 5947

Braucu ar: B58 stage 2


14 Sep 2021, 17:15:01 @kexxx rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 15:21:34 @diesel rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 14:00:01 @kexxx rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 13:53:47 @diesel rakstīja:

14 Sep 2021, 13:45:21 @kexxx rakstīja:
Var jau daudz gudri spriedelēt, kā var kvalitatīvi saremontēt ar labām lietotām daļām utt utt utt
Bet te galvenais ir mērķis, ar kādu sists auto parasti tiek iegādāts- saremontēt un pārdot ar peļņu.
Nu kāda iksa pēc lai perekups meklētu labas lietotas daļas un censtos salabot kvalitatīvi??? Viņam galvenais pārdot- un gūt peļņu. Lai pārdotu, vajag, lai vizuāli izskatītos smuki. Ja tur kkur zem plastmasām vadi satīti ar izoleni, lonžerons salipināts, airbagi nav ielikti vai ģeometrija šķība- viņu tas nekrata, jo ne jau viņš ar to auto braukās

Nepērc no perekupa, vai tad kāds spiež ? Pasūti, pērc no pārbaudītiem starpniekiem. Vai ja nevari vai negribi pārbaudīt pats nu tā jau nav perekupa vaina ) Jā mēs nedzīvojam ideālā pasaulē, točna


Forša domāšana
Salipini škilteni, notin odo, varbūt vispār zagtu tirgo- tā taču nav perekupa vaina, pats vainīgs, ka nopirki

Nepārproti, es kā reiz tādus variantus neatbalstu. Man nesāp ja kāds perekups tā dara. Runa ir par citu. Pienu pērkot uz derīguma termiņu aci uzmet vai ne ? Paviršība ir pirkt auto bez diagnostikas vai importētu bez pārskatāmas vēstures. Bet redz tādi cilvēki ir, mby pat viens no tiem esi Tu, par cik tēmā ))


Salīdzināji- piena derīgumu ar auto appisieniem
Cilvēks parastais nepārzina visu šo šķilteņu/tīteņi/appisēju bizīti, aiziet uz placi un pērk auto, uzticoties pārdevējam, kurš apgalvo, ka auto ir labā stāvoklī, oriģinālu nobraukumu, ņibitij ņe krašenij, lai gan pats ļoti labi zina, kādu sūdu iesmērē... Vēl uzzīmētu servisa grāmatiņu parāda- re, visa vēsture "pārskatāma"

Kā vēl vienkāršāk paskaidrot. Береженого Бог бережет. Nu labi, mani 2 centi par tēmu. Varētu būt diezgan subjektīvi objektīvs viedoklis, par cik ilgus gadus esmu bijis tēmā.
1. Ja es skatītos auto LV, primāri izskatītu auto, kas pirkts jauns no dīlera šeit. Otrs nepopulārs variants, no skalotājiem. Jo viņi ved kārtīgas mašīnas kuras izdevīgi ātri realizēt tirgū. Varka parasti nav uz auto slēptajiem defektiem.Tešais no wess, bmwauto. 5 % virs tirgus cenas, bet ar zināmu garantiju par auto stāvokli, jo šrotus tur netirgo. Pirms pārdošanas ir pilns check. Ceturtais, prasītu parādīt iegādes dok kopijas par auto stāvokli ( šeit normālam pārdevējam nevajadzētu būt baigiem noslēpumiem, jo pārsvarā mūsdienās auto nāk no izsolēm. Gan veseli, gan sisti).
2. Ja es skatītos auto no ārzemēm, primāri izskatītu uzticamu starpnieku, kas ved no izsolēm. Izsolēs 95 pct ir atbilstība reālijām. Ja nevar gaidīt - lielie starpnieki, kas strādā ar mobili. Pieprasītu max pieejamo informāciju lēmuma pieņemšanai. Pašam pirkt pa taisno mūsdienās var sanākt labs feils.

Auto tirgus LV ir tā sačakarēts ar šrotiem, ka normālu auto, kas piemēram būs dārgāks par 500/800 eur nevienam nevajag. Tas tā, budžetā 10/15 eur. Ar vecākiem, lētākiem auto vienmēr bija un būs problēmas, lēti remonti, vienvārdsakot gemars. Bet visi nevar atļauties tos pašus 10 un vairāk eur, un tirgus piedāvā ko klients prasa diemžēl. Tāda ir tā realitāte
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